Since 2022, Russia-Ukraine geopolitical conflicts have intensified, and global energy prices have risen sharply, with international natural gas prices hitting historic highs. As the most important transitional energy source in the transition from fossil energy to non-fossil energy, the share of natural gas in primary energy has increased from 14.6% in 1965 to 24.7% in 2020. The global gas price indices showed a unilateral downward trend from 2018, bottomed out in 2020, and remained low for a long time. However, since July 2020, the global gas prices have gradually fluctuated upward, and the impact of geopolitical events made the Dutch TTF gas price even hit record highs repeatedly.
An analyst of a securities company believes that the core catalyst of this round of global gas market lies in the lack of investment in upstream oil and gas resources caused by long-term low prices. Since 2020, although the epidemic has led to a decline in demand, the decline in supply has been faster, resulting in a large inventory consumption. In 2021, demand will recover faster than supply (the supply-side is less sensitive to prices, which will be reflected in investment).
As the world's two largest gas Ti6Al4V Powder are also expected to change significantly.
What is TC4(Ti6Al4V)?
TC4(Ti6Al4V) alloy is a medium strength α-β type two-phase titanium alloy containing 6% α-stabilizing element AI and 4% β-stabilizing element V. This alloy has excellent comprehensive properties and has obtained the most extensive applications in the aviation and aerospace industries. The long-term working temperature of the alloy can reach 400 ℃. In the aviation industry, it is mainly used to manufacture the fan and compressor disks and blades of the engine, as well as the important load-bearing components such as beams, joints and bulkheads in the aircraft structure.
The main semi-finished products of TC4 titanium alloy are bars, forgings, thick plates, thin plates, profiles and wires, etc. The alloy is mainly used in the annealed state, and can also be strengthened by solution aging treatment, but the hardened cross section is generally not more than 25mm.
The alloy has good process plasticity and superplasticity, and is suitable for various pressure forming. The alloy can also be welded and machined in various ways.
TC4(Ti6Al4V) heat treatment system
Plate: 700-850℃, 0.5-2h, air cooling; bar and forging: 700-800℃, 1-2h, air cooling.
2. Vacuum annealing
700-800°C, 0.5-2h, the furnace is cooled to below 200°C to allow air cooling. The absolute pressure in the furnace should be no more than 0.09Pa.
3. Solution treatment
910-940℃, 0.5-2h, water quenching.
520-550°C, 2-4h, air cooling.
5. Stress relief annealing
Complete stress relief annealing: 600-650℃, 1-4h, air cooling; incomplete stress relief annealing: 500-600℃, 0.5-3h, air cooling. Stress relief annealing can be carried out in an air furnace or a vacuum furnace.
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